The convenience store channel has long been a destination for immediate consumption purchases. However, the channel is undergoing a bit of a metamorphosis these days. Competition is heating up as convenience stores are pitted against other channels, particularly dollar and drug channels, for share of spending.
In addition, two major sources of revenue and trip behavior for convenience stores, gasoline and cigarettes, are facing their own challenges with high prices, increased taxes, and, for cigarettes, changes in consumers’ lifestyles. Information Resources, Inc.’s (IRI) latest Times & Trends report, “Convenience Stores: Keep the Core; Appeal to More,” investigates how convenience stores can tackle the challenges of today’s economic and shopping environments to find sustainable growth beyond fuel and cigarette sectors.
Today, there are more than 149,000 convenience stores in operation. About two-thirds of those stores are independently owned, and the remaining are chain store operations. While convenience stores of the past had a rather homogeneous look and feel, today’s stores are much more varied. Furthermore, some convenience store owners are replacing long aisles with kiosks, experimenting with larger footprints and adding “good-for-you” products next to the candy bars. Shoppers have rewarded convenience store management for these innovations. When compared to grocery and drug stores, convenience stores were the only channel that enjoyed both dollar and unit sales growth in 2012.
“Despite new innovations, the convenience channel faces several challenges,” says Kelley Vacca, principal of client insights for IRI. “Many convenience stores sell gasoline, so sales are somewhat tied to gas prices. Even though these prices have been stable during the last year, they are still high and impacting shoppers’ wallets, particularly those of young shoppers, which are a key target for convenience store marketers. In addition, convenience store sales are concentrated in a relatively small number of categories, with three of the top six categories tobacco related.”
Where There is Smoke, There is Profit…for Now
Cigarette sales generated more than $52 billion in sales with the convenience store channel in 2012. In fact, cigarettes are, by far, the largest category within the channel. They are also a key driver of trip missions, with 150 store trips per day driven by cigarette purchases in 2012. While this is a huge number and cigarette dollar sales have climbed during the last several years, volume sales are down sharply.
The U.S. smoking rate has declined by 50 percent since 1965, according to the Centers for Disease Control. This decline is the culmination of several factors, including increasing taxes, health concerns and the innovation of new smoking alternatives. Smokeless tobacco, for instance, has experienced strong growth across consumer packaged goods (CPG) channels in recent years. In 2012, smokeless tobacco unit sales climbed 2.7 % across IRI’s multi-outlet plus convenience geography. Electronic cigarettes also are demonstrating strong momentum.
Fueling Up Strains Wallets
According to AAA’s Fuel Gauge Report, the average national gas price for the first three months of 2013 was $3.64, an increase of nearly 9% versus 2011, and is on par with 2012. This increase is having a negative impact on consumers’ wallets, with 44% of Americans feeling additional budgetary strain due to gas prices. And, among some segments, such as the millennial population, even more consumers (56%) are feeling the pinch.
In contrast, the proximity of convenience stores is a benefit in times of high gas prices. For instance, 10% of consumers state that they shop convenience stores more frequently in the presence of high gas prices due to their convenient locations. Among millennial shoppers, 24 percent have stepped up convenience channel shopping frequency to save money on gas.
Growth in the Aisles
Performance across the top 10 largest convenience store categories was a mixed bag in 2012, with four of these categories outperforming industry average unit sales growth rates. The strongest performers were tobacco and beverage categories. By far, the strongest growth came from energy drinks, with double-digit growth in both unit and dollar sales in 2012 at 56.4% for each, respectively.
The sharpest decline among the top 10 convenience store categories was in the bottled water category. This category has struggled during the past several years in the face of consumer efforts to rein in spending. From 2008-2012, bottled water unit sales slipped 3.1 % despite beefed-up promotional efforts and associated price deflation.
Despite the challenges of the convenience channel, IRI has uncovered the following growth opportunities:
* Electronic Cigarettes: This product has enjoyed explosive growth since bursting on the scene in 2009, and the convenience channel accounted for two-thirds of the category’s sales in 2012. Channel growth of electronic cigarettes escalated in 2013, bolstered by deflationary pricing trends. The continuation of favorable pricing-related trends is key to retailers that seek to ride the wave of growth in this up-and-coming category.
* Health and Wellness: With two-thirds of consumers indicting that they are trying to eat healthier, convenience store marketers have a great opportunity to help consumers strike a balance between wellness and indulgence in their lives. Even in traditionally indulgent categories, such as salty snacks and cookie and bakery snacks, healthier options are available and are being well received. Convenience store marketers must develop consumer-centric, 360-degree health and wellness programs.
* Foodservice: Although many consumers are already buyers of convenience channel foodservice offerings, the desire for better quality offerings is high. This may include customizable and freshly made options, or selections provided by local and/or well-known restaurants.
* Outdoor Advertising: Since many consumers pay at the pump at convenience stores, outdoor advertising is key to luring shoppers inside the stores. In fact, product growth rate is twice as high with outdoor causal advertising compared to doing no advertising.
To download the report, visit: http://www.iriworldwide.com/Insights/Publications/TimesTrends.aspx.