While motor fuels account for the majority of industry sales, they did not do much for profitability.
The National Association of Convenience Stores (NACS) released the industry metrics for 2015 at NACS State of the Industry Summit, which took place in Chicago from April 11-13. According to the data collected by NACS, U.S convenience stores experienced record in-store sales in 2015. This sales growth can be partially attributed to the strong growth in foodservice products, along with sustained low fuel prices.
Convenience stores sell 80% of the fuel purchased in the country and a continued period of low gasoline prices caused the overall sales in the convenience and fuel retailing industry to decrease significantly, dropping 17.4%. However, low gas prices and a recovering economy benefited retailers by driving more consumers inside the store. This resulted in total sales inside of the store reaching a record $225.8 billion in 2015.
|Industry Snapshot||2014||2015||% Change|
|U.S. Store Count||152,794||154,195||0.9%|
Overall, 69.2% of total industry sales were motor fuels, but motor fuels only accounted for 39.5% of profit dollars. Motor fuels continued to drive sales dollars, but in-store sales drove profitability.
Foodservice, a broad category that includes prepared and commissary foods, hot dispensed beverages (coffee) and cold and frozen dispensed drinks, continues to be a key focus for growth in the convenience store channel, contributing 20.8% of in-store sales in 2015 and accounting for 33.7% of gross profit dollars.
Convenience store pretax profits increased in 2015 to $10.6 billion, despite a slight decrease in the average gas margin, which was 21.6 cents per gallon before expenses.
Top 10 In-Store Categories
The top 10 in-store categories ranked by sales dollars represent about 80% of all in-store sales. In 2015, nine out of 10 top in-store categories had positive sales and all 10 had positive gross profit dollar growth. Factors such as low fuel prices and more discretionary income in consumers’ wallets drove shoppers inside convenience stores with more money in their pockets to spend.
Snacking categories, including alternative snacks, salty snacks, candy and packaged sweet snacks, all had strong growth as some consumers, especially millennials, moved toward snacking and away from traditional meals. This is highlighted by the fact that, for the first time, alternative snacks, a category driven by protein- and energy-rich items, has landed in the top 10.
Here’s how in-store sales were broken down in 2015:
- Tobacco (cigarettes and OTP): 35.9% of in-store sales
- Foodservice (prepared and commissary food; hot, cold and dispensed beverages): 20.8%
- Packaged beverages (carbonated soft drinks, energy drinks, sports drinks, juices, water and teas): 15.1%
- Center of the store (candy; sweet, salty and alternative snacks): 10.7%
- Beer: 7.2%
- Other: 10.3%
Foodservice accounted for 33.7% of gross profit dollars in 2015. Packaged beverages were second, accounting for 18.8% of gross profit dollars. While tobacco products constituted 35.9% of in-store sales dollars, they accounted for only 16.8% of gross profit dollars.
Despite record in-store sales, direct store operating expenses (DSOE) outpaced inside gross profit dollars in 2015. If DSOE remains high throughout 2016 and beyond, this trend will create challenges for convenience retailers as they look to grow their businesses.
Beyond sales, convenience stores remain an important part of the economy. The convenience and fuel retailing industry employed 2.5 million people in 2015 (a 2.9% increase from 2014). If total industry sales were compared to the GDP of other nations, our $574.8 billion industry would rank at number 21, just above Switzerland.
The industry’s 2015 metrics are based on the NACS State of the Industry survey powered by its wholly owned subsidiary CSX, the industry’s largest online database of financial and operating data. Complete data and analysis will be released in June in the NACS State of the Industry Report of 2015 Data.
Data presented at the NACS State of the Industry Summit is preliminary and derived from company submissions as of March 31