The decline in visits to foodservice establishments during lunchtime is being attributed to menu price increases, online shopping and more.
New research from The NPD Group has revealed that, over the past six months, lunchtime traffic at foodservice establishments, which accounts for one third of all foodservice traffic, has encountered consecutively steeper declines.
In the quarter ending June 2016, lunch visits declined by 4% compared to same quarter year ago, the steepest decline of all main meal dayparts, according to NPD’s ongoing foodservice market research. The rise in employees working at home and more shopping online, which cuts down on foodservice meal and snack breaks, have been contributors to the softening of lunch traffic and recent menu price hikes have steepened lunch visit declines.
All restaurant segments, with the exception of traditional quick service restaurants (QSRs), are losing visits, according to NPD. This is particularly true of casual dining and fast casual (a quick service category) restaurants where traffic was down in the quarter ending June compared to same quarter last year by 6% and 9%, respectively. Weekday foodservice lunch visits declined by 7%.
Foodservice lunch, especially weekday visits, has already been negatively impacted by a 24% increase over the last decade in the number of people working from home and an 8% increase over the last year in online shopping. Relatively recent menu price hikes have only worsened the situation. A pricing analysis done by NPD Group finds that the price point at which consumers are most satisfied and most likely to visit is when they feel it is “affordable to eat there often,” and “good value for the money.” Average lunch eater checks in the quarter ending June 2016, which at some restaurant segments have increased by as much as 5% compared to the same quarter year ago, have moved upward beyond consumers’ “sweet spot” price, diminishing customer satisfaction and their intent to visit.
There has been aggressive dealing, like combo and value meal offerings at quick service hamburger restaurants, and the dealing has prevented steeper lunch visit declines; however, NPD foodservice market research shows that only about a fourth of lunch customers took advantage of the deals. With deal traffic removed from the lunch check, consumers are paying, on average, $8 for lunch, which is higher than most want to pay for a quick service lunch.
“Simply said, who can afford to go out lunch on a regular basis when checks have risen for some as much as they have recently,” said Bonnie Riggs, NPD Group, restaurant industry analyst. “Historically, foodservice lunch has been the occasion where consumers didn’t want to invest a lot of time, money or energy into this meal. It’s apparent by the drop in lunch traffic that the current value proposition isn’t meeting these needs.”